# Singapore Math

Problem solving is the central focus of the Singapore Mathematics Curriculum Framework.

(Image Source: Math in Focus®)

**Assessments in Math in Focus® measure three levels of knowledge:**

- Type I items assess students’ grasp of concepts, skills, and procedures.
- Type II items assess students’ ability to demonstrate mathematical reasoning through statements, arguments, or justifications.
- Type III items assess students’ ability to demonstrate their understanding of problems with real-world contexts.

(Image Source: Math in Focus®)

**The CPA Approach**

This highly effective framework introduces concepts in a tangible way and progresses to increasing levels of abstraction.

## Concrete

- Classroom activity
- Tangible items
- Manipulatives

## Pictorial

- Students are shown a visual representation of the problem
- Picture
- Number bond
- Bar model

## Abstract

- Students are then shown an equation of the problem
- In the upper grades, students will derive the formula or equation themselves